Xi's focuses on understanding the infrastructure development process in China, how the Chinese infrastructure system is vulnerable to climate change impacts such as flooding and droughts and what the adaptation implications are for policy makers. 


infrastructure hotspots in China

Infrastructure and climate change

I have built novel system-of-systems risk assessment methodologies and data China, representing infrastructures (energy, transport, waste, water and digital communication) as interdependent networks that support spatially distributed users of infrastructure services. Using ITRC methods and a unique national-scale geo-spatial network database, I have created, for the first time, flood and drought exposure maps of China’s key infrastructures highlighting the locations of key urban area to understand how its infrastructures and population are vulnerable to climate change impacts. This work has been peer-reviewed and published in Natural Hazards, and yielded articles featured on policy blogs and 2017 Global Risk Report of the World Economic Forum. 

Historical infrastructure development in china

I examine China’s infrastructure development and planning processes from 1949 to 2015 by assembling and creating a novel method and dataset that combines infrastructure growth with urbanization, economic growth and demographic changes. The model developed can be used to project into the future, as to where China may build. This work is showcased at the World Economic Forum Davos in Dalian in 2017. 

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Projecting into the future

Evolution of China's infrastructure assets (power plants, waste treatment plants, airports, reservoirs)

A framework developed to assess economic impacts of floods

A framework developed to assess economic impacts of floods

macroeconomic assessment of natural hazards

This work builds on a first-time empirical estimate of the direct and indirect macroeconomic impacts of natural hazards on 200,000 companies.